The organisation of Swedish public transport

On 1 January 2012, a new Public Transport Act came into force in Sweden. New regional public transport authorities were formed to be responsible for developing the public transport system in each region. Strategic decisions on public transport are made by these authorities, which means greater insight and better co-ordination with other forms of social planning.

The public transport authorities decide on regional transport provision programmes which specify the long-term goals for regional public transport. They also decide on their public service obligations, which mean the transport for which they intend to be responsible and which, as an undertaking to their citizens, they guarantee to maintain. 

The Act also means that commercial companies are free to set up public transport services anywhere in the country. All types of transport operators, including the commercial players, have to submit information on the range of services they offer to be fed into a common system for passenger information.

From 2012 onwards, regional public transport authorities are responsible for political decisions and strategic development plans as well as for the scope of the public transport offered in the various regions in Sweden.